McKibbin was founder of the Australian National University (ANU) Research School of Economics, and formed the ANU Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis in 2003. He is the Inaugural Public Policy Fellow and Adjunct Professor at the Australian Centre for Economic Research on Health at ANU, Non-Resident Senior Fellow and Co-Director of the Climate and Energy Economics Project and a scholar at the Centre on Social Dynamics and Policy at The Brookings Institution, Director of EconomicScenarios.com and President of the McKibbin Software Group.
He has published over 200 academic papers and authored and edited five books, including Climate Change Policy after Kyoto: A Blueprint for a Realistic Approach with Professor Peter Wilcoxen of Syracuse University. His 2012 paper on globalization and disease was named one of the 50 most influential papers ever published by MIT Press Journals.
He holds many advisory and board roles, including membership of the Internal Governance Board of the ANU Climate Change Institute and the Advisory Board of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. He was on the Board of the Reserve Bank of Australia for 10 years and was a member of the Australian Prime Minister’s Science, Engineering and Innovation Council.
McKibben is a Distinguished Fellow of the Asia and Pacific Policy Society and Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences, Australia. He was awarded the Centenary Medal for service to Australian Society through Economic Policy and Tertiary Education in 2003.